Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve, resulting in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. Often called ‘the sneaky thief of sight’, Glaucoma has no warning signs and is one of the leading causes of blindness.
Increased eye pressure
African or Spanish ancestry
There are usually no symptoms in the early stages of Glaucoma. Early diagnosis is extremely important and with early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss. Without treatment, people with Glaucoma will continue to slowly lose their peripheral vision, and eventually their central vision as well. Vision lost to Glaucoma cannot be recovered.
Two types of Glaucoma:
Open-angle Glaucoma is the most common form of Glaucoma. This type of Glaucoma develops slowly, and you may not notice any loss of sight for many years. If caught early and treated, this type of Glaucoma responds well to a regimen of medications.
Angle-closure Glaucoma, which is also called Acute Glaucoma, can occur if the drainage systen in your eye is too narrow or closed. Blocked drainage canals cause the IOP to increase rapidly, which in turn damages the optic nerve. Symptoms include severe pain and nausea, as well as redness of the eye and blurred vision. If you have these symptoms, you need to seek treatment immediately.
Both are caused by an increase of intraocular pressure (IOP), or pressure inside the eye. At Eye Consultants we have the latest technology available to diagnose and treat both types of glaucoma.
Glaucoma has no warning signs, which is why it is so important to get regular eye exams with your doctor. The doctors at Eye Consultants are trained to diagnose and treat both types of glaucoma.
Treatment of Glaucoma
Treatments may include medication, most commonly prescription eye drops, or surgery, such as Laser Trabeculoplasty to lower the pressure in the eye and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. There are many different types of eye drops that lower your IOP and prevent additional damage to the optic nerve.
Your doctor will decide which ones are best for your type of Glaucoma. Studies show that laser surgery is very good at reducing the pressure in some patients. Its effects can wear off over time however, and your doctor may suggest further treatment. While there is no cure as yet for Glaucoma, early diagnosis and continuing treatment can preserve eyesight.